"The Civilisational Differences As a Condition for Turkish Full-Membership to the EU
Dr. Sedat Laciner
In 1693, William Penn asserted that the Ottoman state be included only if it renounced Islam. Neumann and Welsh claim that this notion of an �entry requirement� for European society has persisted even to the present day. Similarly, many European politicians clearly declared that Turkey was not a true European because its people were Muslim and belong to a different civilisation. As a matter of fact that, contrary to the official agenda of the European Union (EU), it is clear that Turkey-EU relations cannot be understood without referencing to the civilisational/cultural dimension. This study explores the role of the civilisational differences between the two sides in the relations."
More:JTW Article - The Civilisational Differences As a Condition for Turkish Full-Membership to the EU