Bending the Internet: Turkey Tests the Limits of Online Control
Since the Gezi Park protests in 2013 and the attempted military coup in 2016, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Justice and Development Party have stepped up their efforts to monitor and control internet use. Erdogan's administration has launched bots, harassed members of the opposition online, passed tighter laws and developed domestic apps to better police the internet. Despite these efforts, the Turkish president will probably never reach the same level of control over cyberspace that his counterparts in Iran and China have attained. As Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has gradually consolidated his power over the past 15 years, he has steadily increased his control over the internet as well. Erdogan and his Justice and Development Party (AKP) initially limited their online interventions to filtering content they labeled objectionable, such as pornography and depictions of homosexuality.
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